Among the 522 bird species that have been identified in Korea, 61 species have been desig- nated as Endangered Wild Species (12 species of Class I, 49 species of Class II) by the Ministry of Environment. The mute swan (Cygnus olor), Oriental stork (Ciconia boyciana), black-faced spoonbill (Platalea minor), Chinese egret (Egretta eulophotes), peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla), Steller’s
sea eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus), golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), red-crowned crane (Grus japonensis), spotted greenshank (Tringa guttifer), spoon-billed sandpiper (Eurynorhynchus pyg- meus), and white-bellied woodpecker (Dryocopus javensis) belong to Endangered Wild Species Class I. The Endangered Wild Species Class II of birds include the swan goose (Anser cygnoides) and bean goose (Anser fabalis), inhabiting wet-
lands and riparian areas; the Eurasian oystercatch- er (Haematopus ostralegus), Far Eastern curlew (Numenius madagascariensis), and Japanese mur- relet (Synthliboramphus wumizusume), observed on tidal ats or at sea; the Japanese wood pigeon (Columba janthina) and Styan’s grasshopper war- bler (Locustella pleskei), living in island habitats; the Chinese sparrowhawk (Accipiter soloensis), hen harrier (Circus cyaneus), Eurasian eagle-owl
(Bubo bubo), northern goshawk (Accipiter genti- lis), black woodpecker (Dryocopus martius), and fairy pitta (Pitta nympha), living in grasslands or forested areas; and the black kite (Milvus mi- grans), upland buzzard (Buteo hemilasius), and cinereous vulture (Aegypius monachus), living on open terrain. Of the 47 bird species that have been designated as Korean Natural Monuments, 46 are wild birds.