Middle schools are classified as national and public schools and private schools, with as much as 80 percent of middle schools being national
and public. The numbers of middle school classes and students in rural areas are relatively smaller than those in urban areas.
As with elementary schools, there are more fe- male middle school teachers than males in urban areas compared to rural areas. In addition, teach-
ers in both rural and urban areas tend to be older because fewer new teachers are recruited due to the decreasing number of students