English III

Food Resources


In Korea, food is supplied by domestic produc- tion and import. According to the Food Demand and Supply Statistics (Korea Rural Economic Institute, 2014), in 2013, 50 million tons of food were supplied. Of that, 27 million tons (54.5%) were produced in Korea, while the other 23 mil-

lion tons (45.5%) were imported. Food is used for animal feed, seeds, industrial processing, and human consumption. In total, about 32 million tons (65.1%) were used for human consumption, 18.8% for animal feed, and 5.0% for industrial processing.

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) divides food into 15 categories, including grains, starchy roots, and sweeteners. The largest supply is grains (19.9 million tons per year), followed by vegetables (10.7 million tons) and alcoholic bev- erages (5.4 million tons). Domestic production

rates (domestic production / domestic consump- tion x 100) are high for sweeteners (125.0%), seaweed (124.0%), and eggs (99.7%), while high- ly-demand grains have a low domestic production rate (23.0%).