Land Use Planning
The land use plan at the national level forms the basis of the territorial plan, along with the trans- portation plan, local land use plans, facility plans, and park/greenspace plans. The land use plan is implemented through legal and administrative means, including special-purpose areas, districts, and zones. These entities contribute to a more economic and ef cient land use while promoting public welfare. Special-purpose areas, according to the National Land Planning and Utilization Act, are composed of urban areas, controlled areas, agricultural and forest areas, and natural
environment conservation areas. Urban areas con- tain residential, commercial, industrial, and green areas. Controlled areas contain planned control areas, production control areas, and conservation control areas. The total size of special-purpose areas in Korea was 106,102 million m2 (including land and sea) as of 2014. Urban areas account for 16.6% (17,597 million m2) and controlled areas account for 25.6% (27,154 million m2). Agricul- tural and forest areas account for 46.5% (49,344 million m2) and natural environmental conserva- tion areas account for 11.3% (12,006 million m2).