The international migration of Koreans can be divided into the out-migrant Koreans who stay or live abroad and the in-migrant Koreans who are living in Korea. Overseas Koreans are categorized into Korean nationality or foreign nationality.
As of 2014, there were approximately 7.18 mil- lion overseas Koreans in China, the United States, Japan, and the former Soviet Union countries. Ini-
tially, Korean immigrants overwhelmingly chose to live in the United States, but more recently they are also choosing many other countries, including Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. The number of foreign nationality Koreans who live in Korea increased from approximately 270,000 in 2006 to 700,000 in 2014. As of 2014, there were approxi- mately 290,000 (42% of the total) overseas Kore-
ans with F-4 (“Overseas Korean”) visas, followed by 280,000 (40%) with H-2 (“working visit”) visas, another 75,000 (11%) with F-5 (“permanent resident”) visas, and about 20,000 (3%) with F-6 (“marriage to Korean citizen”) visas. As of 2014. More than 290,000 foreign nationals of Korean descent have reported their domestic residences. The number of Koreans who live in Korea with
permanent residency in another country increased from approximately 40,000 in 2005 to 80,000 in 2014. Since the 2000s, the number of people who have escaped from North Korea has increased sig- ni cantly, and, among these refugees, there have been more women than men.