Urbanization and Living Space
The most notable change in Korea's landscape over the past 60 years is increasing urbanization. The representative indicator of this process is the urbanization rate that shows the share of people living in urban areas out of the total national population. This statistical number can differ depending on which administrative level unit, the Dong level or the Eup level, is used to designate an area as urban or rural. According to the Eup level, Korea’s urbanization rate has exceeded 90%. The rate of increase was rapid until the 1980s, but it has since slowed down. This slowing trend indicates that Korea’s urbanization has entered its final phase from the earlier acceleration phase. The capital area surrounding Seoul, Busan and its surrounding area, and other metropolitan cities all show high urbanization rates.