English I

Judicial Practice


 Civil trials handle disputes regarding property rights and juristic relations of everyday life. Efforts have been made to guarantee the people’s right to access the judicial process in a timely manner. The New Case Management System (2001), the New Civil Procedure Code (2002), and the Revision of the Civil Procedure Code for Civil Proceedings (2008) represent attempts to improve the timely administration of the judicial process in civil cases. The law describes in detail the trial procedure for not only the first, second, and third trials, but also the trial procedure of small claims cases, the procedure of civil conciliation, civil execution proceedings, property description and property inquiry, and the procedure of provisional attachment and injunction. Criminal trials determine guilt or innocence of the accused under indictment and impose a punishment in the case of a guilty verdict. With respect to criminal trials, the law describes in detail the procedures of investigation, prosecution, trial, appeal, and a summary trial.